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  • Writer's pictureJustin Tilghman, Ph.D.

Burnout vs. Depression: Is there a Difference?

Burnout and depression are two related but distinct conditions that can significantly impact your mental health and overall well-being. Burnout is a state of emotional, mental, and physical exhaustion caused by prolonged periods of stress, while depression is a mood disorder characterized by feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyable.



While burnout and depression are different conditions, the two have a strong link. In fact, burnout can lead to depression in many cases. Here are some ways in which burnout can lead you toward depression:

  1. Chronic stress: Prolonged stress can cause changes in the brain and body that increase your risk of depression. Burnout is a form of chronic stress that can be particularly damaging to your mental health.

  2. Negative thoughts: Burnout can cause negative thoughts and feelings, such as feelings of inadequacy or failure. These thoughts can lead to depression if they become persistent and overwhelming.

  3. Social isolation: Burnout can lead to social isolation, as individuals may withdraw from social activities and relationships due to feelings of exhaustion or lack of motivation. Social isolation is a known risk factor for depression.

  4. Loss of pleasure: Burnout can cause a loss of pleasure in activities that were once enjoyable, which is also a symptom of depression.

  5. Increased irritability: Burnout can cause individuals to become more irritable and short-tempered, which can strain relationships and increase feelings of isolation and loneliness. This can contribute to the development of depression.

It is important to note that not everyone who experiences burnout is going to develop depression. However, if you're experiencing symptoms of burnout, it's important to take steps to protect your mental health and get hlep if needed.


Here are some ways to prevent burnout and reduce your risk of depression:

  1. Prioritize self-care: Make time for activities that bring you joy and help you relax, such as exercise, meditation, or spending time with loved ones.

  2. Take breaks: Taking regular breaks throughout the day can help you manage stress and prevent burnout. Even a short walk or a few minutes of deep breathing can help you feel more relaxed and refreshed.

  3. Seek support: Don't be afraid to seek support from friends, family, or a mental health professional if you are struggling with burnout or other mental health problems.

  4. Set boundaries: It is important to set boundaries at work and in your personal life to prevent burnout. This may include setting limits on your work hours or saying no to activities that may cause additional stress.

Burnout can lead to depression due to the chronic stress, negative thoughts, social isolation, loss of pleasure, and increased irritability that it can cause. If you are experiencing symptoms of burnout, it is important to take steps to protect your mental health and seek support if needed. You can prevent burnout and enjoy a healthy and fulfilling life with the right support and self-care practices.


As a life coach, I specialize in helping people set healthy boundaries that can alleviate or avoid burnout altogether. If you're experiencing burnout or feel like things are just getting a bit too overwhelming. Let's talk!




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Justin is a Board Certified Advanced Life Coach with the Board of Christian Life Coaching, a division of the International Board of Christian Care and the American Association of Christian Counselors. He has demonstrated knowledge and application of biblical integration in coaching, the ICCA and ICF Core Competencies, the Code of Ethics, and the ICF definition of coaching.

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Justin is a Board Certified Master Mental Health Coach with the Board of Mental Health Coaching, a division of the International Board of Christian Care and the American Association of Christian Counselors. He has demonstrated knowledge and application of biblical integration in providing ethical and competent mental health coaching.

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